Abdominal and stomach pain are among the most common pains in all stages of pregnancy. You may experience pain during the first and last trimesters of pregnancy. This happens due to the stretching of the uterus, which in turn leads to the stretching of the muscles and ligaments due to the changes in the mother’s body to adapt to the growth of the fetus. Therefore, stomach pain is a usual symptom during pregnancy, as the feeling of contractions increases when sneezing or coughing, changing body position, excess gas, flatulence, sexual relations, and constipation may also be causes of pain.
But sometimes the pain indicates that the condition is more serious, so in any case, you must educate yourself with the necessary information, so follow with us all the details in our always featured article.
Causes of stomach pain when pregnant
Constipation and gas
Due to the increased hormone progesterone, constipation and gas production are essential parts of pregnancy, during pregnancy, which affects the work of the digestive system and makes the digestion of food for a pregnant woman slower than usual.
To prevent constipation and gas, you should drink plenty of water throughout the day. And eat fiber-rich foods like whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. It should be noted that if constipation persists for more than two days, please consult a doctor immediately to solve the problem before the problem worsens.
Round ligament pain
As the uterus expands, the round ligaments that connect the uterus to the thighs stretch. This stretching causes constant pain throughout the day. This pain is harmless and normal and begins in the second trimester of pregnancy.
This pain may extend to the lower abdomen during childbirth but is most significant in the groin.
Pulling the ligaments can cause discomfort, so see your doctor and prescribe a soothing cream or massage for the area.
Braxton Hicks contractions
Braxton Hicks contractions or false contractions are regular in the last stages of pregnancy and are completely normal. It can also cause slight pain in the stomach and lower abdomen.
Some women think it is contractions, but they are urgent and intense. However, this does not prevent you from seeing a doctor immediately if the contractions continue for a long time or if you feel something is not normal. Also, please note that these contractions sometimes occur due to a lack of water in the body. So please make sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day.
Stretching of the uterus or growing uterus
“As the uterus expands, it puts pressure on the intestinal cavity,” said Patrick Duff, a professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of Florida, which will lead to nausea, cramps, and discomfort around the stomach area.
The solution is to eat several healthy meals throughout the day. And exercise and drink a little water, then go to the bathroom in large quantities. And work on emptying the bladder first so that no problems occur.
All of the above reasons can cause stomach pain, and they will not pose any threat to you or your fetus. If any abnormal pain occurs during pregnancy, please consult your doctor.
Gastroesophageal reflux and heartburn
What should we do to eliminate esophageal reflux and heartburn and its symptoms?
One of the most common problems among pregnant women, due to the hormone progesterone, and the resulting pressure on the stomach with the growth and enlargement of the fetus causes heartburn and acid reflux, which leads to stomach pain and may extend to the chest and throat.
What are the home remedies to get rid of stomach pain during pregnancy?
1- Drink plenty of fluids
Water is your best bet. Aim to drink eight to 10 cups (8 ounces) each day, but other liquids count, too.
If your gas is causing severe pain or bloating, you may have irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), in which case, make sure any juice you drink is low in certain types of gas and bloating-promoting sugars called FODMAPs.
Cranberry, grape, pineapple, and orange juice are low-FODMAP juices.
Watch your sugar intake when drinking juices and soft drinks, especially if you are at increased risk of gestational diabetes.
Also, many types of soft drinks can lead to increased gas.
2- Eat foods rich in fiber
Add carrots, apples, oatmeal, leafy greens, and pears to your diet, aiding in water absorption from the digestive tract. Fiber moves food through the intestines quickly.
Eating high-fiber foods will make your bowel movements regular, and you won’t feel bloated.
If your system is not used to eating high-fiber foods often, slowly add high-fiber fruits and vegetables to your diet.
3- How about some lemonade?
Squeeze a whole lemon in a bowl and add a cup of water and half a tablespoon of baking soda. Keep stirring until the baking soda has completely dissolved. Drink it to get quick relief from gas and other stomach issues.
Drinking lemon juice with warm water early in the morning can relieve stomach pain.
4- Drink herbal tea
Drinking herbal tea is a popular home remedy for stomach problems during pregnancy. Mint leaves, black raspberry, and red raspberry tea are known to aid in digestion.
Do not boil the herbal tea too much, as this can destroy its healing properties it has. Peppermint leaf tea provides relief from gas during pregnancy. Add honey to it and drink it twice a day.
You can drink two to three cups of herbal tea daily while pregnant. However, please don’t drink too much, as it may lead to other complications during pregnancy.
5- Drink mint
Peppermint provides relief from stomach pain, gas, and bloating. This is because the two main ingredients in peppermint, menthol and methyl salicylate, have antispasmodic properties, which relieve spasms that IBS sufferers may experience.
Drinking mint tea also relieves pain, as it is an antispasmodic in the body and has an effect in reducing indigestion and nausea, and one cup can be taken after eating.
We should not consume mint in the event of stomach pain. Because of acidity, mint works to return acidity to the esophagus.
6- Heating pad
Using a heating pad or hot water bottle can help relieve stomach pain in pregnant women; make sure there is a barrier between your skin and the heating pad or water bottle to avoid burns, lie down in a comfortable position and then place it in the upper or lower abdomen, specifically where the pain is.
The heat relaxes the muscles in your stomach, which may help relieve pain associated with muscle cramps and gas. Heating pads are great if your stomachache is caused by stress and anxiety.
7- keep calm
Anxiety and stress may increase the air you swallow and lead to flatulence, bloating, and belching. Identify what is causing you stress and eliminate those triggers as much as possible. Find “me time” during the day to take deep breaths and relax. Try prenatal yoga to keep yourself calm.
If you experience severe gas and pain without improvement for more than 30 minutes, or if your constipation persists for more than a week, seek medical advice immediately.
8- Avoid tight clothes
Who would have thought that the clothes you wear during pregnancy would help you reduce gas? But yes, tight clothing narrows your stomach, making it more difficult for food and gas to flow through.
If your wardrobe makes you feel like a stuffed sausage, it’s time to let go!
Wearing loose-fitting maternity clothes will help you breathe appropriately without restricting your stomach. It will also allow food and gas to pass through your digestive system more efficiently.
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It is safe to use, and the natural ingredients help strengthen the body’s natural defenses and restore balance to the stomach.
Zinda Tilismath is an effective and gentle way to treat stomach pain during pregnancy.
Finally, There are many ways to treat stomach pain at home, which the patient can use to treat simple conditions. Still, you should consult a doctor if the symptoms persist, the pain is very severe, or other symptoms indicate a serious problem.